1st October 2016

Our monthly economic review is intended to provide background to recent developments in investment markets as well as to give an indication of how some key issues could impact in the future.

It is not intended that individual investment decisions should be taken based on this information; we are always ready to discuss your individual requirements. We hope you will find this review to be of interest.


In a rebut to the Brexit doom-mongers, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has announced, in their ‘Global Competitive Report 2016-2017’, that the United Kingdom has risen to seventh place in the league of the world’s most competitive economies, leapfrogging Hong Kong, Japan, and Finland. The WEF is a respected think-tank that holds a major conference each year in Davos, Switzerland, which is attended by the world’s leading Heads of State, politicians, entrepreneurs, media titans and billionaires. This is a very positive reversal of its decline to tenth place recorded last year.

In the WEF’s database of 114 criteria, which include factors such as healthcare availability, employment systems and the macro-economic environment, the UK’s strong digital landscape, world-leading institutions, strong connections to the international economy and business-friendly regulatory system, were cited as some of the main factors in this year’s elevation in their global ranking.

Of other European economies in the report, the Netherlands, Germany and Sweden ranked above the UK. In the top spot was Switzerland, followed by Singapore and the United States of America.

As a caveat to this good news, the WEF did state that the UK’s wide exposure to the global economy, its high reliance on imported goods and its economic indebtedness, with both a current and budget deficit, adversely affected the overall score. The WEF went on to say: “Although the process and the conditions of Brexit are still unknown, it is likely to have a negative impact on the UK’s competitiveness.”

Meanwhile though, the new Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Hammond, stated that these results: “demonstrate our ability to sharpen our edge and improve our competitiveness.”

He went on to add: “This government will build on that progress, as we demonstrate to the world that Britain continues to be highly competitive and open for business.”

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The most recently released UK labour market figures, based on the May to July 2016 period, show the UK’s unemployment rate remains at 4.9%, down from the 5.5% recorded a year earlier. With 1.63 million people out of work, a fall of 39,000 from the Feb-April quarter and 190,000 less than the same period last year; its lowest level seen since the March-May 2008 quarter.

There were in fact 559,000 more people in employment in the May-July 2016 quarter, compared with the same period a year earlier. At 74.5% there are more people in work now than since comparable records began in 1971. Of these people, 23.5 million were in full-time employment and 8.51 million in part-time employment.

Those aged from 16 to 64 years and deemed economically inactive (those not working and not seeking or available to work) fell by 195,000 from the previous year to 8.83 million.

The number of people claiming unemployment benefits was recorded at 771,000 for August, made up of 557,900 claiming the Jobseeker’s Allowance and 213,100 people claiming Universal Credit.

At the same time, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) released data showing that average weekly earnings for employees increased by 2.3% including bonuses and by 2.1% excluding bonuses compared with the same period last year.


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September brought a renewal of investor confidence in global equity markets, as most of the major UK indices covered here saw gains. Whilst gaining 1.74% over the month, the FTSE100 did, however, see some volatility, dipping to an intra-month low of 6,665.6, before recovering to end at 6,899.3 up 117.8 points. The wider FTSE250 fared less well adding 0.78% or 138.6 points, to close at 17,871.4, whilst the junior AIM market surpassed that, rising just over 27 points to 819.1 for an improvement of 3.51%.

The American markets remained becalmed, as the Dow Jones slipped by 0.5%, to end the month at 18,308.15 with the technology-based Nasdaq improving to 5,312.0 for a 1.89% rise.

The continuing political machinations in Europe saw the Eurostoxx50 lose a marginal 0.69% to record a closing level of 3,002.24 and over in Japan, still suffering from continued deflation and economic stagnation, the Nikkei225 reversed August improvements to lose 2.59% to end September at 16,449.84.

The foreign exchange markets saw Sterling continue to drift lower against the US Dollar to $1.29, a 2.27% decline over the month, and to €1.15 against the Euro, again a fall of 2.54%. Meanwhile, the US Dollar slipped by just under 1% against the Euro, finishing September at $1.12.

In the energy markets oil, as measured by the Brent Crude benchmark, also had a volatile month, but did see the price improve a little to $49.06 a barrel, for a gain of 4.29%. It is now showing a 31.6% rise in price since the turn of the year.

Gold, often regarded as a safe-haven investment, clawed back some of its August losses to end September at $1,315.93 a troy ounce to record a 0.54% increase in value.

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